May 4, 2015.
The path to the establishment of Mother’s Day as an official public holiday was an oddly long one in the United States. The American writer Julia Ward Howe made the first known suggestion for a Mother’s Day in the United States in 1872. She suggested that people observe a Mother’s Day on June 2 as a day dedicated to peace. She held an annual Mother’s Day meeting in Boston.
Mary Towles Sasseen, a Kentucky schoolteacher, also started conducting Mother’s Day celebrations in 1887. She often spoke of having Mother’s Day celebrated as a national observance. In 1904, Frank E. Hering, a football coach at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, proposed setting aside a day in honor of motherhood in a speech to the Fraternal Order of Eagles in Indianapolis. Hering was inspired after observing how dutifully students wrote home to their mothers.
Scattered observances continued until Anna Jarvis of Grafton, West Virginia, began a campaign for a nationwide observance of Mother’s Day in 1907. She recommended the second Sunday in May in memory of her own mother, who had died on May 8, 1905. Her effort was supported by the Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton. At a General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1912, a delegate from Andrews Church introduced a resolution recognizing Anna Jarvis as the founder of Mother’s Day. It suggested that the second Sunday in May be observed as Mother’s Day.
Mother’s Day finally received national recognition on May 4, 1914. On that day, a joint resolution of Congress was passed recommending that the federal government observe Mother’s Day on the second Sunday in May. President Woodrow Wilson signed the resolution into law five days later. The next year, President Wilson proclaimed Mother’s Day an annual national observance.
In the United Kingdom, Mothering Sunday is the fourth Sunday in Lent. On this day, people who live away from home often visit their mothers. The customs of Mothering Sunday go back at least as far as the 1600’s. Australia observes Mother’s Day on the same date as does the United States. Many other countries celebrate a version of Mother’s Day, usually in the spring.